Value chain assessment and holistic scoping study in the state of Karnataka for technology intervention in Post-Harvest Loss Management (PHLM).

Geography to be covered: Karnataka
Commodities: 5 commodities (Tomato, Potato + 3 Prime commodities to be selected based on value chain assessment as a part of this study.)
Duration: 4 months

The context for the project

Indian farmers incur loss of INR 92,651 (1) crore per year in post-harvest losses alone, the primary cause of which are poor storage and transportation facilities. Other issues include limited technical know-how on good agricultural practices, lack of market knowledge and inadequate market access. In the absence of proper storage facilities, farmers of perishable commodities such as fruits and vegetables have been rendered devoid of their livelihoods in both the immediate and the long term.

Within the agriculture vertical, Agri cooling has emerged as one of the primary priorities for the organization in terms of building replicable and scalable models across different geographies


The project seeks to identify the potential for technology interventions with more relevance to Agri cooling that will help in minimizing the post-harvest losses in 5 commodities (Tomato, Potato + 3 Prime commodities which have high cooling demand). It intends to understand the present infrastructures, gaps and present operation cum business models to derive the scope for technology innovation in order to enable access to more sustainable, reliable, and affordable local infrastructure to the community's needs.

Scope of work for Value chain Assessment

1. Value chain Analysis

  • To conduct mapping of 3 commodities that have a higher need for cooling requirements, in relevance production, valuation, and relatively higher price fluctuations in the markets.
  • Extensive scoping study on post-harvest loss management in Tomato and Potato with deep diving into all activities of Grading, sorting, Processing, etc.
  • To find critical cooling needs and gaps in the Agri value chain for commodities (Tomato and Potato +3 other commodities identified out of a long list of 10 commodities evolved from research on Cooling (Environmentally controlled/ Atmospheric controlled /Temperature controlled) for different points of the value chain right from Harvest to the fork for each commodity in the mentioned districts

2. Demand estimation

Detailed demand estimation for DRE-powered cold room on the selected commodity. District-wise Karnataka.

Need to identify the long list of 10 commodities that love cooling across all types of commodities (cereals/pulses/commercial crops/Fruits vegetables) etc. Out of 3 will be shortlisted in consultation with SF. Further, the same needs to be studied for detailed value chain assessment in the relevance of cooling.

Apart from the above, brief Post-processing technology established in the value chain for installation of DRE-powered cold rooms, on-farm primary processing technologies (Sorting, Grading, Drying, Processing, etc, for Tomato+Potato including cooling in the, mentioned Karnataka and Hassan, Kolar, Belagavi in Particular.

3. Assessment of grid-connected cold storage & existing post-harvest primary processing technologies

Identification of existing grid-powered cold storage (OR) and other traditional technologies to preserve/store the selected commodity, availability of primary processing technologies, and to map the stakeholders involved for each of the current practices identified to develop into a fully functioning value chain.

4. Mapping of Ecosystem Stakeholders, Supply Chain and Business Model

  • Map the existing and potential stakeholders who are working around and supporting the development of agri-cooling and other Post-harvest loss Solution infrastructures in the region. Mapping according to Region, State, or Cluster of districts wise.
  • Map the major Supply chain components and how and map various business and operational models for existing cold storage. Identify the common challenges in different geographies.
  • With Respect to Tomato and Potato , User profile of minimum 40 eligible end users for technology interventions - Focusing on all PHL interventions such as Cold storage, Sorting/Grading machines, Dryers, etc,. The study should include the business models and impact of the proposed DRE intervention.
  • Identifying the End users

5. Assessment of Solar-Powered Cold Storages

Assess the existing Solar-Powered Cold Storages Implemented by SELCO Foundation, in partnership with various other organizations to study their existing operational and business models, utilization, market linkages, and gaps.

6. Training module development

  • Technical Content for the User training module
  • Agriculture and cooling training module - Awareness (Tech and Non-Tech)
  • Agri cooling business model - (For FI & Govt institutes)

Indicative methodology:

A combination of primary and secondary research, Surveys/ questionnaires, key informant interviews, consultation & analysis.

Expected Deliverables

1. Project roadmap and detailed Work Plan

  • Scoping study of Post-harvest loss management and the value chain for the Tomato and Potato (Deck and report)
  • Contextual Mapping and Introduction to Agri- cooling and the value chain for three selected commodities out of 10 longlists (Deck or report)
  • Case Studies
  • Business Model sheets.

2. Outline of Training Curriculum + Lesson Plan

  • Technical Content for the User training module
  • Agriculture and cooling training module - Awareness (Tech and Non-Tech)
  • Agri cooling business model - (For FI & Govt institutes)

3. Awarness training modules for Tomato and Potato other 3 Commodities which require cooling selected agricultural commodities for the respective state.

4. Demand Estimation for cold storage by identifying the top 10 commodities across all types of agri commodities and selecting 3 out of them for deep diving in VCA. Using multiple sources to estimate demand for cold storage across the Karnataka state.

  • Demand Projection for Cold storage for two and supply estimates in Karnataka
  • One presentation or document with supporting calculations
  • Identifying the End user and profiling

5. Value Chain Assessment

  • Primary research & data collection related to Post Harvest Loss (PHL) management of prime commodities in Karnataka state. This survey should include Gaps & opportunities, technology identification (Throughout the Post-Harvest value chain), Geography selection, identification of scope for solar integration in existing technology, etc.,
  • Comprehensive value chain assessment including commodity-wise assessments, market readiness, institutional structures for storage and trade (service v/s trader models), and logistics for Agri cooling looking at both centralized and de-centralized options. Also, the type of cooling needed and suitable technology to be assessed for the selected commodities (Environmentally controlled/ Atmospheric controlled /Temperature controlled).
    Note; This study for 3 identified commodities and Tomato Potato

6. Grid connected cold storage assessments to assess the current state of cold storage (small/ medium/ large)

  • Visits to grid-connected cold storage in entrenched cold storage markets to assess the likely trajectory of grid-connected cold storage as well as the estimation of power demand.
  • Logistics aspects of cold storage
  • Feasibility of integrating solar power

7. Evaluation report and summary of learnings report across Karnataka

8. Support in organizing regional Level seminars/webinars/ round tables

9. Case Studies, Media Stories, Photo Stories


Interested consultants/organizations are requested to send their Proposals, along with sample reports of previous experience relevant to this project. Send the details and cc to with the subject line: “Proposal for Value chain assessment - in Karnataka Region.”